Forestry Best Management Practices for Clean Water

2016 Fiscal Year Funding Amount:
$250,000
2015 Fiscal Year Funding Amount:
$250,000
2014 Fiscal Year Funding Amount:
$250,000
Source: 
Clean Water Fund
Status: 
In Progress
Start Date: 
July 2013
End Date: 
June 2015
Activity Type: 
Technical Assistance, Research
Counties Affected: 
Aitkin, Anoka, Becker, Beltrami, Benton, Carlton, Cass, Clearwater, Cook, Crow Wing, Houston, Hubbard, Isanti, Itasca, Kanabec, Koochiching, Lake, Lake of the Woods, Mahnomen, Mille Lacs, Morrison, Olmsted, Otter Tail, Pine, Roseau, Sherburne, Stearns, St. Louis, Todd, Wadena
Project Details:
2016 Fiscal Year
Legal Citation / Subdivision: 
M.L. 2015, First Special Session, Ch. 2, Art. 2, Sec. 6(g)
Appropriation Language 
(g) $675,000 the first year and $675,000the second year are for applied research and tools, including watershed hydrologic modeling; maintaining and updating spatial data for watershed boundaries, streams, and water bodies and integrating high-resolution digital elevation data; assessing effectiveness of forestry best management practices for water quality; and developing a biomonitoring database.
Fiscal Year Funding Amount: 
$250,000
Number of full time equivalents funded: 
1.0
Proposed Measurable Outcome(s) 
In FY16, the DNR will identify the distribution of timber harvest and forest change on 12 selected HUC8 watershed units (see below). The DNR will check logging sites to make sure sustainable forest management guidelines and water quality BMPs are properly carried out. We will look at specific watershed characteristics to identify water quality risk factors on the selected areas, and we will develop strategies to reduce risks in the targeted watersheds.

We will continue and further develop outreach to forest landowners, managers and loggers to implement strategies, including:
- A comprehensive report on sustainable forest management guideline implementation
- Continued site-specific feedback to land owners/managers and loggers of sites monitored during summer of 2014 and 2015. Feedback will address results of site monitoring and identification of opportunities for improvement of guideline implementation and water quality risk reduction
- Work with the recently rebuilt Cooperative Forest Management Program to better connect with small private forest land owners
- Continued interaction and contribution to Watershed Restoration and Protection Strategies
- Work with the Minnesota Forest Recourses Council (MFRC) Region Landscape Planning program to address the risk factors that were identified in the watershed analyses, and to improve how BMPs are carried out.

Timber harvest and forest change analysis will be done in part of the following 26 counties: Aitkin, Benton, Carlton, Cass, Chisago, Crow Wing, Dakota, Dodge, Fillmore, Goodhue, Houston, Isanti, Kanabec, Mille Lacs, Morrison, Mower, Olmsted, Pine, Rice, Scott, Stearns, Steele, Todd, Wabasha, Washington, and Winona

On-site monitoring and risk assessment will be done at a total of 80-100 sites across 12 watersheds.
Project Details:
2015 Fiscal Year
Legal Citation / Subdivision: 
M.L. 2013, Ch. 137, Art. 2, Sec. 6(g)
Appropriation Language 
$675,000 the first year and $675,000 the second year are for applied research and tools, including watershed hydrologic modeling; maintaining and updating spatial data for watershed boundaries, streams, and water bodies and integrating high-resolution digital elevation data; assessing effectiveness of forestry best management practices for water quality; and developing an ecological monitoring database.
Fiscal Year Funding Amount: 
$250,000
Direct expenses: 
$171,589
Administration costs: 
$0
Number of full time equivalents funded: 
1.0
Proposed Measurable Outcome(s) 
In FY 15, the DNR will detect where timber harvest and other forest changes took place on all forested watersheds statewide. We will monitor the implementation of sustainable forest management guidelines and water quality BMPs on timber harvest sites across the four watersheds selected in FY14 and an additional seven selected in FY15. The combined information along with specific watershed characteristics will be used to identify water quality risk factors (based on timber harvesting frequency and distribution, level of BMP implementation, and additional watershed characteristics) within target watersheds for FY14 &15. We will develop strategies to reduce risks in the targeted watersheds.

We will develop outreach programs geared toward implementing those strategies for forest landowners, managers and loggers. These programs will include: 1) workshops addressing erosion control on forest access roads and timber harvesting sites; 2) feedback to land managers and loggers of sites monitored in FY14 (results of site monitoring and identifying opportunities for improvement) 3) a BMP field manual for loggers and land managers.
Measurable Outcome(s) 
In FY 15, the DNR identified that forests were disturbed in a total of 38 watersheds (HUC 8) and 27 counties in Minnesota. We selected 80 harvest sites in a subset of seven watersheds for monitoring the implementation of sustainable forest management guidelines and water quality BMPs.* We hired contractors to collect monitoring data, which we will analyze in FY16.

We also completed field monitoring at an additional 59 sites that were started in FY2014 sites in the Mississippi Headwaters, Rum River, Lake Superior South and Lake Superior North watersheds. We synthesized data for these sites and evaluated them for guideline compliance. We presented the information to various groups (see below). The final report will be done in February of 2016.

In collaboration with the University of Minnesota and the Minnesota Logger Education Program, we conducted two workshops addressing erosion control on forest access roads and timber harvesting sites in fall/winter of 2014. We also made several presentations to disseminate Guideline Monitoring results, including talking to land managers at the monitoring sites in an ongoing process providing feedback. We also helped develop a BMP field manual for loggers and land managers.

We evaluated forest disturbance/change between the years 2000 to 2015 on all forested watersheds in Minnesota. We looked at specific watershed characteristics to identify water quality risk factors including: proximity of forest disturbances to water features, roads, and road crossings; soil drainage type, texture, and erodibility; current and past land cover and land use change; and topographic characteristics (slope, flow direction and accumulation). We used these data layers, along with several from the DNR’s Watershed Health Assessment Framework to create a preliminary risk index.
Project Details:
2014 Fiscal Year
Legal Citation / Subdivision: 
M.L. 2013, Ch. 137, Art. 2, Sec. 6(g)
Appropriation Language 
$675,000 the first year and $675,000 the second year are for applied research and tools, including watershed hydrologic modeling; maintaining and updating spatial data for watershed boundaries, streams, and water bodies and integrating high-resolution digital elevation data; assessing effectiveness of forestry best management practices for water quality; and developing an ecological monitoring database.
Fiscal Year Funding Amount: 
$250,000
Direct expenses: 
$41,296
Number of full time equivalents funded: 
0.1
Proposed Measurable Outcome(s) 
In FY 14, DNR will monitor the implementation of sustainable forest management guidelines and water quality BMPs on 80 – 100 timber harvest sites across 4 forested watersheds. Distribution of timber harvest and other forest changes will also be identified in these watersheds. The combined information along with specific watershed characteristics will be used to identify water quality risk factors within target watersheds and strategies to reduce those risks. Outreach programs will then be developed to work with forest landowners, managers and loggers to implement strategies.

Specific outcomes include:
- Establishment of a protocol for identifying forest change at the watershed level that can also be applied statewide.
- Identify the distribution of timber harvest and forest change in four watersheds including Mississippi Headwaters, Rum River, North Lake Superior and South Lake Superior.
- Monitor the implementation of forest management guidelines and water quality BMPs through on-site investigation on a total of 80-100 sites across these 4 watersheds.
- Progress in development of a protocol for identifying level of risk to water quality due to timber harvesting frequency and distribution, level of BMP implementation, and additional watershed characteristics
Outreach programs based on above data will be developed in FY15.
Measurable Outcome(s) 
In FY14, DNR foresters identified the distribution of timber harvest and forest change in four watersheds: Mississippi Headwaters, Rum River, Lake Superior South and Lake Superior North. DNR established a protocol for identifying forest change at the watershed level; this protocol will be refined to better differentiate among various forest change types. For example, some partial harvesting is difficult to distinguish from wind damage. Also time sequence is required to detect difference between forest harvesting and some land conversions such as pasturing.

In the four target watersheds, foresters monitored 34 sites for implementation of forest management guidelines and water quality best management practices. About 1/3 of the sites planned for monitoring in FY14 were completed; the remainder will be completed by Sept 31, 2014. Contract work was delayed due to length of time required to get contract approvals.

DNR is also developing a protocol for identifying level of risk to water quality due to timber harvesting frequency and distribution, level of BMP implementation, and additional watershed characteristics. The primary progress on this task was hiring a Research Analysis Specialist whose responsibilities will be focused development of this protocol. The hiring process was completed in early FY15 and significant progress will be made on this protocol in the coming year.

Outreach development in FY14 included curriculum and video development for erosion control workshops to be held in the fall of 2014, and help creating a user-friendly field guide focused on forestry water quality BMPs which will be completed in FY15.

Project Overview

The Minnesota DNR and the Minnesota Forest Resources Council work with forest landowners, managers and loggers to implement a set of voluntary sustainable forest management guidelines that include water quality best management practices (BMPs) to ensure sustainable habitat, clean water, and productive forest soils, all contributing to healthy watersheds. This project will monitor the implementation of these forest management guidelines and BMPs on forested watersheds in MN. Additionally, this project will identify timber harvest frequency and distribution as well as significant change to forest area including conversion of forests to other land uses, large fires, and blowdown events. An evaluation of the guideline implementation rates, watershed characteristics, and the frequency and distribution of forest change will be used to identify risks to water quality as well as strategies to reduce these risks, with the goal of maintaining high quality forested watersheds in MN. Outreach programs will be developed for forest landowners, managers and loggers throughout the target watersheds aimed at mitigating these risks such as improved implementation of specific BMPs.

About the Issue

Forested watersheds in MN generally produce an abundance of high quality water. Much of our forested landscape is managed as productive forest land providing timber products as well recreational opportunities and abundant wildlife. Sustainable timber harvesting in combination with application of voluntary water quality BMP’s has helped to maintain water quality in Minnesota’s managed forest lands. However, risks to water quality in these landscapes still remain, with rates of BMP implementation, harvesting patterns, and watershed characteristics influencing the potential for impacts to occur at any given time or place. Also, recent trends in forestland development and loss in Minnesota has increased the risk of impacts to water quality in forested landscapes. Evaluation of BMP implementation and quantification of risk factors by watershed, combined with effective outreach programs, will allow for continued utilization of working forests while maintaining functioning, healthy watersheds that produce clean water.

Project Manager

Dick
Rossman
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources
3296 State Park Road NE
Bemidji
56601
218-308-2371